Our Most Holy Lady Theotokos

Theotokos literally translated means "The One who bore God" or "the God bearer" which is much more accurate, and profound than "Mother of God." Theotokos actually has no English equivalent, and is a title for Mary, and as such it should not be translated. "Theotokos" is theologically more significant and better describes the significance of Mary's role.

Theotokos 1

Mother of God of Oinoussai
by John Snodgren

“It is truly right to bless you, O Theotokos, ever blessed and most pure, and the Mother of our God. More honorable than the Cherubim, and beyond compare more glorious than the Seraphim, without defilement you gave birth to God the Word. True Theotokos we magnify you.”

— Divine Liturgy of St. John Chrysostom


“If one does not acknowledge Mary as Theotokos, he is estranged from God.”

— St. Gregory of Nazianzus (Epist. 101)


“The golden incenser is the Virgin, and its pleasant scent is our Saviour.

— Coptic Orthodox Chant


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Theotokos 2
Theotokos
by Paul Azkoul
  The Month-Long Devotion to the Most Holy Theotokos - The Orthodox Teaching about the life of the Virgin Mary, and a prayerful contemplation on the Theotokos for each day of the month. By Archbishop Lazar (Puhalo), retired, Orthodox Church in America Abbott of New Ostrog Monastery, Dewdney, British Columbia, Canada

The Small Paraklesis to the Theotokos - You can now listen to this service as chanted in Greek by Eikona and the Byzantine Choir of Theodore Vasilikos. This link leads to a page on the web site of the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America.

The Feast of the Dormition - From the web site of the University of Balamand, Deir El-Balamand, El-Koura, North Lebanon. Included at the site are:

"Original Sin" and the Mother of God

Rediscovering Mary at the Mall - By Matushka Deborah Belonick, Orthodox Church in America.

The Apparitions Of Virgin Mary at Zeitoun Church, Egypt - By Rev. Father Boutros Gayed, the late rector of the Virgin Mary Church at Zeitoun, and brother of H. H. Pope Shenouda III, Pope of Alexandria and Patriarch of the See of St. Mark. With actual photos.

Most Holy Mother of God, Save Us! - From Orthodox America, a publication of the Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia.

The Meeting of Our Lord in the Temple (Feb. 2) - Also known as the Purification of Mary.

Akathist to the Holy Virgin - From the web site of the Protection of the Holy Virgin Mary Russian Orthodox Church (ROCOR) in Los Angeles, CA.

Noncanonical Writings About the Blessed Mother - authors and validity unknown.

The Passing of Mary: First Latin Form - concerning the passing of the Blessed Virgin Mary. From the New Advent Roman Catholic web site.

The Account of St. John the Theologian of the Dormition of the Holy Mother of God - From the New Advent Roman Catholic web site.

The Apocalypse of the Holy Mother of God Concerning the Chastisements - From the Christian Classics Ethereal Library, Wheaton College. This translation of this Apocalypse is made from the text as published by M. R. James in Texts and Studies, ii., 3, from a manuscript in the Bodleian Library, which he assigns to the eleventh century. The original he conjecturally assigns to the ninth century, and regards it as a late and clumsy compilation based on (1) the Assumption Legends and (2) the Apocalypse of Paul. Its main feature, intercession for the lost, it has in common with the Testament of Abraham, the Apocalypse of Paul, 4 Esdras, the Apocalypse of Baruch, the Apocalypse of Esdras and the Apocalypse of Sedrach. Parallels are pointed out in the notes.

The Ever-Virgin Mother of God - By Archpriest George Florovsky, a clergyman of the Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia. This is one of the best articles on the internet explaining Orthodox belief about Mary, the Theotokos, as compared with dogmas about her in other churches. From the web site of the Protection of the Holy Virgin Mary Russian Orthodox Church (ROCOR) in Los Angeles, CA.

Feast Days and Services to the Theotokos - A presentation given by His Grace Bishop Demetri at the First Biennial Antiochian Archdiocese Clergy Symposium, Chicago, IL, July 1978.

The Theotokos as Example - An article that was first published in the Way of the Pilgrim magazine, August 1998. From the web site of Saints Peter and Paul Antiochian Orthodox Church, Topeka, KS.

The Entrance of the Theotokos into the Temple - Feast Day: Nov. 21. From the web site of Saints Peter and Paul Antiochian Orthodox Church, Topeka, KS.

The Annunciation of the Virgin Mary - By Metropolitan Hierotheos Vlachos of Nafpaktos, a hierarch of the Church of Greece. From the web site of the Greek Orthodox Church of Australia.

A Homily on the Dormition of Our Supremely Pure Lady Theotokos and Ever-Virgin Mary - By St. Gregory Palamas.

An Orthodox View of the Virgin Mary - From the web site of the Orthodox Christian Information Center.

The Holy Fathers on... The Most Holy Theotokos - From Orthodox America, a publication of the Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia.

Nativity of the Theotokos - Commemorated Sept. 8. From the web site of the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of Australia.

Book and Icons About the Mother of God

Dormition (Keemeesis) of the Theotokos - Celebrated Aug. 15. From the web site of the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of Australia.

Presentation of the Virgin Mary - Commemorated Nov. 21. From the web site of the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of Australia.

On the Ever-Virginity of the Theotokos (Mother of God) - Adapted from The Ever-Virginity of Mary, the Title Theotokos, and the Veneration Shown to Her, by Bishop Lazar Puhalo, Synaxis Press. From the web site of the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of Australia.

Mother of God - From The Ever-Virginity of Mary, The Title Theotokos, and The Veneration shown to Her, by Archbishop Lazar Puhalo, Synaxis Press, pp. 1-2. From the web site of the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of Australia.

The Most Holy Theotokos and Ever Virgin Mary - From the web site of St. Spiridon's Orthodox Cathedral of the Orthodox Church in America, Seattle, WA.

The Perpetual Virginity of Blessed Mary - By St. Jerome. This tract appeared about A.D. 383.

Facing Up To Mary - By Fr. Peter Gilquist, Conciliar Press.

The Mystery of the Virgin Mary - By Archbishop Stylianos, Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of Australia.

The Orthodox Veneration of the Theotokos (Mother of God) - By Blessed Archbishop John Maximovitch.

A Prayer to the Incorruptible Maiden - From the web site of the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of Australia.

Miraculous Icon of Axion Esti - By Father G. Poulos. From the web site of the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of Australia.

Prayer to the Most Holy Theotokos Before Her Holy Icon: “Our Lady of the Sign” - From Orthodox.Net (ROCOR).

Books and Icons About the Mother of God - From Dormition Skete Orthodox Book Store.

The Blessed Virgin Mary, Fervent Defender of Christians - By Abbot Alexander (Mileant). From the web site of the Protection of the Holy Virgin Mary Russian Orthodox Church (ROCOR) in Los Angeles, CA.

Orthodoxy and Heterodoxy: The Veneration of the Mother of God - From the web site of the Russian Orthodox Cathedral of St. John the Baptist (ROCOR), Washington, DC.

 


 
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